belongs to the Juglandaceae family, consisting of 7 genera and about 60
species, all of which are single-flowered and have single-flowered flowers. The
genus Juglans has 21 species. The walnut distribution and cultivation zones are
in all countries located in
regions and mainly in the northern hemisphere, between latitude 30 to 50
degrees north. Iranian walnut has the scientific name of Juglans regia.
Major producing provinces of walnut:
orchards exist in most provinces of the country (29 provinces). The most
important walnut producing provinces are Hamedan (18% of production), East
Azarbaijan (10% of production) and Fars (7% of production), respectively.
walnut is being exported to Iraq, Qatar, Afghanistan, Oman, Syria, Pakistan,
India, Lebanon, Kuwait, Jordan, UAE, Germany, United Kingdom, Sweden,
Australia, Canada, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Azerbaijan, Armenia and
to the census of 2019, the total production of walnut is about 260 thousand
tons and the total area under cultivation of walnut is about 150 thousand
hectares and its yield is about 2 tons per hectare.
Area under cultivation
total area of walnut gardens is 149806 hectares, more than 80% of which are
Global production rank
is in third place with 6.5% of world production after China and the USA. China
produces about 1.8 million tons (48% of world production) and the USA produces
more than 600,000 tons (16% of world production) of walnuts.
to the Iranian customs statistics, about 1,700 tonnes of walnut, which was
worth more than $ 6 million were exported in 2019.