Nectarine (Iranian name: Shalil)
Nectarine, smooth-skinned peach of the
family Rosaceae that is grown throughout the warmer temperate regions of
both the Northern and Southern hemispheres.
The major crop areas in the world are
circuits 25 to 45 degrees north and south of the Earth.
In high latitudes, minimum winter
temperatures and spring frosts are two limiting factors and in low latitudes,
cold requirement is the most important limiting factor that has an adverse
effect on sleeping time, flowering and fruit production needs.
A suitable place for planting shalil
should have mild winters and warm summers. In order to prevent frostbite in the
lowlands we should not build nectarine gardens. Suitable soil for nectarine
trees are light, or sandy with good drainage.
Major Producer Provinces:
Mazandaran (24%), Alborz (18%), Ardabil (10%), West Azerbaijan (8%), Tehran
(7%), Hamadan (6%), Qazvin (4%), Kurdistan (4%) And Golestan (3%) are the major
producers of nectarine in the country
countries of export markets:
Iraq, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates,
Qatar, Afghanistan, India, Turkey, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Russia
Production of nectarine fruit in the
country is about 323 thousand tons.
According to the Census of the Ministry
of Jihad-Agriculture of the year 2017, the area under cultivation of nectarine
orchards in the country was 27.4 thousand hectares, 81% of which was cultivated
by fertile trees and 19% by non-fertile trees. Out of 27.4 thousand hectares,
99.3% of it is irrigated and the rest is dryland.
Iran ranks fifth in terms of production
of nectarine, after China, Spain, Italy and the United States, in the world.
According to Iranian customs statistics
in 2018, peach and nectarine exports amounted to 15565 tons worth $ 9306,000.