Date

 

The history of palm date:

Palm tree is one of the oldest fruit trees in the world, and the main origin of this plant is not known. Some consider its origin in Asia and the Persian Gulf, some others consider its main habitat in North Africa and the subcontinent of India, or the Arabian Peninsula. The most creditable hypothesis, suggests its place of origin is south of Iraq (Mesopotamia) and southwest of Iran (Khuzestan). Archaeologists have announced the history of the construction of palm trees 5 to 7 thousand years ago.

 

 

Palm Situation in Iran:

Iran is one of the largest producers of dates in the world, which from the level of fertile cultivated lands, after Iraq, and from the quantity of date production, after Egypt, ranked 2nd in the world (based on FAO’s report in 2016). About 99% of the date produced in Iran belongs to the following provinces: Sistan va Baluchestan, southern Kerman, Fars, Kerman, Busher, and Khuzestan.

 

Crops cultivation, production and performance of Iranian dates in 2016

 

250137

Area under cultivation (hectare)

1163495

Production (ton)

5489

Average performance (kg/hectare)

 

 

Crops cultivation, production and performance of Iranian dates in 2016, for various provinces

 

Province

 Area Under Cultivation (hectare)

Production (ton)

Performance (kg/hectare)

Non-fertile

Fertile

Total

1

Isfahan

144

215

359

88

409

2

Ilam

205

84

289

182.4

2171

3

Busher

3301.5

30247

33548

150526

4977

4

Southern Kerman

2009

28715

30724

191542

6670

5

Southern Khorasan

555

1396

1951

5661

4055

6

Khuzestan

7250

27545

34795

147779

5365

7

Semnan

49

67

116

353

5269

8

Sistan va Baluchestan

13150

39685

52835

203651

5132

9

Fars

3983.4

27076

31059.4

162002

5983

10

Kermanshah

349

312.7

661.7

1719.9

5500

11

Kerman

3527

24200

27727

151398

6256

12

Kohgiloyeh va Boyerahmad

51.5

57

108.5

186.3

3268

13

Hormozgan

3130

30225

33355

139657

4621

14

Yazd

446

2163

2609

8749

4045

In total

38150

211987

250137

1163495

5489

 

Exports of country’s dates by types

 

 

Type

Wight (1000 tons)

Value(Million dollar)

$/kg

% (from total exported date)

1

Estaamaraan

7.5

6.9

0.9

3

2

Kabkab

9.7

7

0.7

3.8

3

Piyaram

2.3

6.7

2.9

0.9

4

Mazafati

85.2

113.2

1.3

33.6

5

Shahani

17.7

12.8

0.7

7

6

Zahedi

33.8

22.4

0.7

13.3

7

Other types

97.2

81.5

0.8

38.4

Total

253.3

250.5

 

100

 


 

Date:
2018/11/10
View:
2365
All Rights of Ministry of Agriculture- Jahad have been reserved.
Powered by DorsaPortal