Cotton

 


 

Cotton fiber is the most important fiber and cottonseed product is the fourth largest grain product in the world. Fibers, oil and animal feeds, and dozens of other industrial products can be produced from cotton.

 This crop is grown in 60 countries, which accounts for about 2.5 percent of the world's arable land, and the number of people employed in this industry is about 350 million. According to the International Cotton Advisory Committee during the years 2015-2016, the global cotton cultivation area was 30.5 million hectares and its fiber production was 21.2 million tons. In the same time period, 42 million tons of oilseed oil has also been produced.

 In the region, Pakistan, Uzbekistan and Turkey are the most important cotton producers. The cultivation of native cotton in the country has been more than two thousand years old, but upland seed (American) was entered into Iran during "Mashrotiyat". The first cotton cleaner factory was established in Mazandaran in 1279 (Iranian calendar).

In order to minimize economic pressures by relying on a resilient economy, decreasing dependency on cotton imports is inevitable and to achieve this goal, determined strategies include paying particular attention to water usage efficiency, increasing production efficiency, develop second cultivation and reduce the costs.

Thus, executing the plan of increasing self-dependency in cotton production Increase the self-healing coefficient of cotton was put in the Ministry of Agriculture's Deputy Minister of Agriculture programs, which its strategies are: improving water productivity, increasing yield per unit area and reducing production costs. Improvement of methods in the agriculture and refining sectors, development of the coefficient of mechanization, conservation tillage, transplantation, technology transfer, strengthening of specialized organizations and the establishment of subsidized subsidies, research and education, and promotion of practical solutions for the quantitative and qualitative improvement of cotton production.

By meeting the requirements and executing the plan, by the end of the program, i.e. by the year 2021, the cultivation area will increase by 20%, the yield by 29% and the self-sufficiency factor will increase by 24%.

Plan for increasing the self-dependency in cotton production (2017- 2021)

 

Coefficient Self-dependency

(%)

Consumption per Ton

Production of Cotton per Ton

Function of Cotton per K&Ha

Production of cotton bolls per Ton

Function of cotton bolls per ton

Area under cultivation per Ha

Year

476

118102

56200

746

160164

2407

74660

1396

524

119874

62827

795

179974

2542

70600

1397

582

121672

70815

864

229452

2786

82000

1398

640

123497

79028

930

251686

2961

86000

1399

714

125349

89545

995

281610

3129

90000

1400

 

Those who are interested in investing in this sectionvisit the following website:

 

No.1813.Vali-e-Asr Avenue, After Vali-e-Asr Square, Postal Code : 1594811169,Postal Box; 141556569

Address

+98 (21) 8890011-9

Phone

 +98(21)88806550

Fax

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Date:
2018/11/10
View:
2009
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