Protective agricultural technology
 
 
 
 

 

Nowadays in the world, development of agricultural protection technology is being implemented in order to ensure food security and achieve sustainable food production. Moreover, smart confrontation with the Climate changes and its consequences, including fast soil erosion, and increasing organic materials of agricultural soil, is a focus of agricultural specialists. Now around 189 million hectare of agricultural lands in the world are exploited using this system, i.e. Protective agricultural technology.

Protective agricultural technology consists various components including: maintaining plants remains, minimum manipulation of the soil, correct management of crop rotation, along with the combined management of plant nutrition and fertility, controlling damaging factors, water management, controlling minimum usage of agricultural machines, which will ultimately result in protecting soil and water resources. Along with increasing the efficiency of final production, through saving time and energy, the costs of the products will reduce.

 

Principles of Protective agricultural technology:

 

         Minimum soil irrigation and reduction of soil tillage operations

 

         Maintaining sufficient amounts of plant residues and soil cover,

Preventing erosion, reducing runoff and evaporation from soil surface

increasing water efficiency to improve physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil with a stable production for a long period of time

 

         Use of crop rotation, usage of a vvariable crop rotation to reduce the damage caused by weeds, pests and diseases

 

         Economical benefit: in protective agriculture, along with reducing costs related to production in short period of time, there is an increase in production in medium and long periods which can give benefits to farmers

 

 

In recent years, there was a specific focus and attention on developing protective agriculture in our country, and well thoughts strategies and plans were determined in the stage 6th of the development program, as well as in resistive economy policies, and environmental policies were enforced on the executive systems. In the same direction, through hard- and soft-ware reinforcing of protective agricultural technology, both farmers and agricultural products users could observe steady growth in this field as can be seen in figure below (data are in hectare).

 
 
Protective agricultural activities for different types of performances in 2015-2016 (Surface unit: Hectare), in the whole country and in all provinces

 

Province

Management of the remains and proper period with low tillage method

Management of the remains and proper period with tillage method

1

Eastern Azarbayejan

51975

5625

2

Western Azarbayejan

27000

3450

3

Ardebil

20000

2100

4

Isfahan

18500

7000

5

Alborz

225

600

6

Ilam

4000

800

7

Busher

5000

375

8

Tehran

12000

1050

9

Sothern Kerman

8000

1500

10

Chahar Maham Bakhtiyari

6000

1200

11

Southern Khorasan

8000

2000

12

Khorasan Razavi

93750

5250

13

Northern Khorasan

20000

1000

14

Khozestan

139800

25000

15

Zanjan

47025

800

16

Semnan

8625

750

17

Sistan va Baluchestan

300

200

18

Fars

116475

28000

19

Gazvin

5000

900

20

Qom

10500

200

21

Kordestan

22000

6675

22

Kerman

2500

800

23

Kermanshah

7000

3525

24

Kohgeloyeh BoyerAhmad

10200

600

25

Golestan

55000

7000

26

Gilan

1350

75

27

Lorestan

15000

800

28

Mazandaran

5000

500

29

Markazi

9000

1875

30

Hormozgan

1500

350

31

Hamedan

25000

2100

32

Yazd

150

150

33

Total

745075

112250

 
 
Translated by: F.KH
 
Date:
2019/08/14
View:
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